A subspecialty of radiology, Interventional Radiology (IR) is an advance in medicine that can often replace open surgical procedures. RANI’s team of specially trained Interventional Radiologists finds that the diagnostic and treatment options offered through IR are generally easier for patients. The procedures do not involve large incisions, thereby reducing risk, pain and recovery time, and they are typically less costly than traditional surgery. And, because most procedures can be performed on an outpatient basis, they require only a short hospital stay.In IR, small instruments or needles are guided through blood vessels or other pathways in a minimally invasive procedure. Pictures are used as road maps, allowing RANI’s Interventional Radiologists to use their skills in reading X-rays, ultrasound and other medical images to guide the small
instruments to the area(s) of interest. Cardiovascular procedures are well-suited for IR. Some procedures are done for diagnostic purposes, such as an angiogram in which the Interventional Radiologist looks for abnormalities in the blood vessel. While other IR procedures are done for treatment purposes such as angioplasty, in which guided imaging is used to open the narrowed or blocked blood vessel.
As technology advances and high quality imaging equipment becomes more widely available, the Interventional Radiologists at RANI will offer patients and referring physicians a host of new treatment options.
For more information on interventional radiology follow this link – www.sirweb.org
Common Interventional Radiology Procedures
An X-ray exam of the arteries and veins that uses a contrast agent (dye) to diagnose blockages and other blood vessel problems.
- Balloon Angioplasty
Opens blocked or narrowed blood vessels or clogged arteries by inserting a very small balloon and inflating it.
- Biliary Drainage and Stenting
Insertion of a stent (small mesh tube) to open blocked bile ducts.
- Central Venous Access
Insertion of a tube beneath the skin and into the blood vessels so blood can be drawn or so patients can receive medication or nutrients directly into the blood stream.
Delivery of cancer-fighting agents directly to the site of a cancer tumor.
Delivery of clotting agents to block blood flow.
- Gastrostomy Tube
Feeding tube inserted into the stomach for patients who are unable to take sufficient food by mouth.
Use of angioplasty or thrombolysis to open blocked grafts for hemodialysis, which treats kidney failure.
- Needle Biopsy
Diagnostic test for breast, lung and other cancers.
- Radiofrequency (RF) Ablation
Radiofrequency (RF) energy used to kill cancerous tumors.
Dissolves blood clots by injecting clot-busting drugs at the site of the clot.
- TIPS (Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt)
Placement of a shunt to improve blood flow and prevent hemorrhage in patients with severe liver dysfunction.
- Uterine Fibroid Embolization
Delivery of clotting agent to shrink painful, enlarged, benign tumors in the uterus.